By Katelynn Snyder
Further research must be conducted to fully come up with data to prove the link. There have been several reasons as to why children may have an increased body mass index. A few factors could be from diet, stress, smoking, or hormones while in the womb or early in childhood. Scientists have looked at epigenetics, which determine how genes are expressed or encoded in many proteins. The different types of genes that get turned on or off in the womb can show an increase in child obesity by the age of ten. Since obesity has been a growing issue around the world, scientists may be able to manipulate the signals once they learn more about epigenetics and how to control them.
I cannot personality relate to this issue but I work with children and witness firsthand the difficultly children have maintaining a healthy weight. The womb is a very important developmental place for a child to grow in and many environmental factors can cause problems with the child so the mother must be extremely careful when they expose themselves to certain things. It is scary to think that what a child was exposed to in the womb can affect them later in life as they have no control of what happens to them inside the womb. Obviously there are other factors which can lead to obesity but genes can play an important role, so if scientists are able to comprehend and manipulate epigenetics then there may be a chance we can get a step closer to solving this issue. I wonder how severe the factors must be to influence the child’s body mass index later in life. I also wonder how long it will take scientists be complete further research and learn more about epigentics? The body is such a complex structure which is compiled of many parts that all work together to keep up functioning, so pinpointing one tiny aspect must take a lot of time.